meanings of certain auction terms and phrases often differ based upon
many considerations: one auction firm's policies and implementation
in contrast to an others, common understandings and practices held within
the community, or defined markets, whose peculiarities require precise
meanings. Additionally, there are enhanced definitions developed through
trade associations not withstanding those defined by law. Familiarity
with key terms as well as hybrid terms is essential for participation
in the auction process. Some of the most fundamental auction terms along
with their definitions are as follows:
Bidder- Generally refers to an
intending purchaser placing a bid and/or instructions with an auctioneer
prior to an auction to be executed on his or her behalf.
Absolute Auction- An
auction where the property is sold to the highest qualified bidder with
no limiting conditions or amount.
person authorized by another individual or entity to act on their behalf.
Implies that the buyer takes the entire risk as
to the quality of property involved and must trust his own inspection.
public sale of property through competitive bidding.
offer by an intending purchaser to pay a designated price for property
to be sold at auction.
Buyer's Premium- A
percentage of the final bid added thereto and payable by the successful
The recompense, compensation or reward of an agent
calculated as a percentage on the amount of the transaction.
which is the subject matter of a separate sale.
Market Value- The
highest price in terms of money which a property will bring in a competitive
and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair sale, the buyer
and seller, each acting prudently, knowledgeably and assuming the price
is not affected by undue stimulus.
An auction in which the seller
reserves the right to establish a reserve price, to accept or decline
any and all bids or to withdraw the property at any time prior to the
announcement of the completion of the sale by the auctioneer.